OpenBSD Programmer's Manual
NAME fputc, putc, putchar, putw — output a character or word to a stream
SYNOPSIS #include <stdio.h>
fputc(int c, FILE *stream);
putc(int c, FILE *stream);
putw(int w, FILE *stream);
() function writes the character c
(converted to an
) to the output stream pointed to by stream
putc() acts essentially identically to fputc(), but is a macro that expands in-line. It may evaluate stream more than once, so arguments given to putc() should not be expressions with potential side effects.
putchar() is identical to putc() with an output stream of stdout.
The putw() function writes the specified
int w to the named output stream.
RETURN VALUES The functions fputc(), putc(), and putchar() return the character written. If an error occurs, the value EOF is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. The putw() function returns 0 on success; EOF is returned if a write error occurs, or if an attempt is made to write a read-only stream. The global variable errno may be set to indicate the error.
The function putw
() may also fail and set errno
for any of the errors specified for the routines write(2)
STANDARDS The functions fputc(), putc(), and putchar(), conform to ANSI X3.159-1989 (“ANSI C89”).
HISTORY The putc() and putw() functions first appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX; putchar() in Version 2 AT&T UNIX; and fputc() in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
BUGS Since the size and byte order of an
int may vary from one machine to another, putw() is not recommended for portable applications.